A criminal complaint is a list of the charges that the prosecuting attorney will file against a person it typically describes the nature of the offense and can become part of public record an indictment is a written document presented to a grand jury who decides if the charges warrant further action, such as a trial it is a formal accusation. A trial jury, also known as a petit jury, is composed of six to 12 members and decides whether a defendant injured a plaintiff in a civil case or committed a crime as charged in a criminal case defendants have the right to appear, testify and call witnesses on their behalf before a trial jury, whose proceedings are. What is the difference between a trial jury and a grand jury we have two kinds of criminal juries: the trial jury, the one with which most citizens are familiar and the grand jury, the one with which most citizens are not familiar the trial jury is the one you see on tv twelve people determine whether an alleged criminal is guilty jury. Grand juries and trial juries are both made up of average people who are called for jury duty, but they serve very different purposes a grand jury investigates civil and criminal matters in proceedings closed to the public a civil grand jury investigates the operation, management and fiscal affairs of the county and municipalities. About grand jury service what is grand jury grand jury schedule grand jury vs trial jury postponement policy court closures thank you for serving as a grand juror what is grand jury a grand jury is a group of up to 23 people who are called together to do two things: receive and hear evidence to determine whether probable.
Welcome welcome to the official website of the united states district court for the southern district of florida court locations and hours » all visitors must present a. After the grand jury investigates the allegations of the crime, they may decide to indict an accused if a grand jury indicts, the person is charged with a criminal offense and will have to continue in the criminal justice process. A jury trial consists of 6 citizens who will determine the outcome of your case based on the evidence set forth by the state (prosecutor) a trial by judge consists of a judge hearing the case and determining the outcome based on the evidence set forth by the state (prosecutor.
Like a trial jury, a grand jury is presented with evidence, exhibits, and testimony from witnesses about matters pertinent the investigation but the setting in which this unfolds is different trial juries meet with a judge, lawyers, the defendant, and the plaintiffs present, and the proceedings are generally open to the public. Phoenix criminal defense attorney blog - what is the difference between a grand jury and a preliminary hearing.
Grand juries serve a different purpose than trial juries here are some of the main differences: trial juries are usually assembled to hear a case and issue judgments based on the evidence presented by the defense and prosecution they determine a defendant's guilt or innocence grand juries, on the other hand, are convened to issue. Differences in triel and grand jury list and explain the differences between a trial jury and a grand jury with every person convicted they have a right to trial and jury there is a grand jury second kind of jury is a trial or petite jury if the paragraphs below i will try to explain the differences between the two a grand jury is a group of.
The trial judge or trial jury, which is composed of entirely different people than the grand jury, will ultimately decide whether or not to convict the defendant that decision will be made only after all of the lawfully admitted evidence from both sides has been heard and it is determined that the accused person is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. How is a grand jury different from a regular trial jury a trial or petit jury determines whether a person is guilty of a crime, whereas grand juries only determine whether there is probable cause to charge, or indict, someone additionally, grand juries are typically bigger than trial juries, which have between 6 and 12 jurors.
Trial by jury and the grand jury existed elsewhere before our states were even colonies the original “people’s court” took place in ancient greece, where a jury might consist of 500 adult male citizens read more juries were sometimes used to settle disputes in the roman republic trial by jury was guaranteed to english citizens by the magna. Here are a few examples of differences between the state and federal criminal processes: titles of people involved – state cases are brought by prosecutors or district attorneys federal cases are brought by united states attorneys state court trial judges have a range of titles, but federal judges are called district court judges federal. The modern trend is to use an adversarial preliminary hearing before a trial court judge, rather than grand jury, in the screening role of determining whether there is evidence establishing probable cause that a defendant committed a serious felony before that defendant is required to go to trial and risk a conviction on those charges california.